¨ Tells story
¨ Leads to story
¨ Clarify and explain story
¨ Gives evidence to story
¨ Colorful and attractive
¨ Rest and amusement
¨ Also art and creativity
While picturing we notice:
¨ Subject and background
¨ Subject: it the main item you focus on in the photo.
¨ Journalistic photo can contain an object or a person focused. Or it can be more one sometimes.
¨ Background: is the surrounding of the subject and it clears the situation or explains the story
¨ People: always make sure having people in the photos
¨ when picturing still objects make sure to let people in.
¨ photos are for people and there must be people. If you are picturing a building, let a person(s) pass by.
¨ Movement is necessary for the focused object or at least the background. Still subjects are silent.
¨ Balance: keep the picture balanced in the term of distributing light and dark, subject and background.
¨ Be careful to balance when subject off-centered. it is easier when subject when centered. Still you can show your creativities.
¨ No space: economize the space.
¨ Always look for the right corner that give less space and more effective.
¨ If you could not avoid empty spaces in the photo, try to crop by photo-shop
¨ Sometimes, space is also meaningful, but rarely.
¨ Always look for the right moment to get the better motion.
Mistakes to avoid
¨ Do not fully rotate pictures
¨ Do not delete objects especially in the middle. If you had to do, explain it in the caption
¨ When you add objects to the photo, mention it
¨ Do not put your self in
¨ Do not take pictures straight and while pausing. If you picture a political figure, do not ask him to stand still but let him do something like reading on his table, or doing anything. Better to have reporters, one to make him speaking in order to make moves and the other to take the picture.
¨ Do not picture from behind
¨ A caption is an objective description of the photo.
¨ You should describe meaning of the photo; and a brief of the story. Avoid putting headlines, quotes and comments in the caption.
¨ While describing answer the questions of who in it with name if possible, what movement, about what, where and when.
¨ If you have more than one person, try to tell the positions.
¨ By-lines include:
¨ full name of the photographer
¨ The agency
¨ Sometimes, by-lines are written at the end of the caption and sometimes in another place by the photo.